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Pro-poor Green Business Model for Renewable Energy Supply (Biogas) in Samoa
The current economic development model, which is based on rapid economic growth provides very little opportunities for the most disadvantaged and vulnerable to participate in income generating activities and to reduce their poverty. Costs for electricity (if that is actually provided), and fuel for household use is increasing while the use of firewood is laborious and contributes to the degradation of the environment. At the same time, organic waste material (animal, human and kitchen waste) has to be managed, often causing health concerns and pollution to water ways and lagoons.
An integrated approach to addressing these issues is currently being piloted in Samoa by the Youth with a Mission (YWAM) organization, with the support of the Samoan Government, UNESCAP and the Korean Government. A training and demonstration centre is established at the YWAM campus in the Falelauniu community of the Faleata district, to train trainers in the construction and maintenance of biogas digesters, including development of appropriate technology for brick making, storing, transmitting of biogas and electricity, and safety while using local low cost materials.
A cleaner energy future depends, in large part, on responsible energy consumption in the developing world. Founded by Nobel Peace Prize-winner Muhammad Yunus, the Grameen Shakti organization in Bangladesh distributes small solar systems and portable bio-gas systems to rural Bangladeshis, empowering women and the poor in the process.